Dropped kerbs law and drop kerb applications – Section 184
It is common for most new developments and for many existing householders to seek new vehicle access points from the public highway. The most basic form is where the kerbs are dropped and pavement reconstructed at a new gradient to provide a sound entrance.
Dropped kerbs – laws and applications
The starting position however is that neither you, nor a local builder, have the legal right to do such work. You don't own the public highway, or any of the apparatus within it. If you drive onto the public highway and damage services or the pavement, you are likely to be liable for an enormous bill and it's illegal.
The Highways Act 1980 – Section 184, makes it an offence to drive a vehicle across a footway, or verge, where there is no proper vehicle crossover. It allows for the Highway Authority (or its Agent) to agree to a new vehicle crossover to be constructed. New drop kerb vehicle crossings were historically called carriage crossings. They include both the physical lowering of the kerb (the dropped kerb) and a permission to allow a vehicle to cross the public footway.
The entire costs in design and construction of the dropped kerb entrance are usually paid by the applicant.
REMEMBER – it is unlikely that your proposal is of any benefit to the Authority and the default position is normally rejection.
Additional entrances/ dropped kerbs are usually seen as increasing the highway safety risk for the public. This is the case even if they are obviously beneficial for the individual. Indeed off street parking can often add many thousands to the value of a property. In London, a new permission can be worth over £10,000.
You therefore need to make a strong case to the Highway Authority as to why you should be allowed a dropped kerb.
One also needs a clear fully designed proposal for a new drive, or access road. Unless you can provide a design showing how it will be a sustainable permeable solution, it will require a planning application. Traditional block paved or impermeable "tarmac" proposals which do not involve sustainable drainage will normally be rejected. As of last yeat you also have no default right to connect additional surface water flows to the public sewer.
By this time you are probably thinking "its only a drop kerb, it used to be so easy in the past". You are probabily right. The change is because flooding and safety are now a far higher issue for the public and Authorities than in the past.
Drop kerb application / Section 184 rejection
Obtaining the legal right to a dropped kerb can sometimes be a complex process and it is estimated around 60% of all dropped kerb / carriage crossing applications are rejected.
Many of these are rejected because a client has chosen to make the application themselves without the services of a civil engineering consultant / highway professional. Often Architects or clients make the application with no more than a simple sketch.
For all engineering works – someone is legally the responsible designer. If someone without any highway experience puts forward an applications this generally means you are suggesting that the Highway Authority take on the role of designer and associated design liability on your behalf. Application costs are often minimal and certainly do not cover such professional liability. The Government does not provide the funding to Highway Authorities to undertake this role. There is an argument for saying that all Highway Act applications should be rejected if they are not undertaken by an engineering consultancy with highway experience.
You should generally also ascertain what services exist in the public highway. Sometimes a drop kerb is not viable without extensive diversion or lowering or existing services at considerable expense.
Elements related to rejection of a dropped kerb application can include:
- Inadequate sightlines
- Lack of information
- Location to junctions, traffic lights or crossings
- Extent and depth of services within the footpath
- Speed of the road, bus and cycle lanes.
- Existing parking or bus stops.
How to maximise success and reduce total project cost
It is recommended to procure the services of a competent civil engineering consultant (such as Wilsham) to undertake your design and liaise with the Highway Authority on your behalf. They will have experience the situation many times before and have worked with the Council highway officers previously. They are likely to increase the potential of a successful drop kerb application. It is a similar situation to getting a planning consultant to advise you on a new development. You could do without, but your chance of success is generally much lower.
The other advantage is that can they can design the dropped kerb work and tender it on your behalf to local ground-workers. Again, they will have worked with various ground-workers before and will generally have far greater experience of who does a good job at a good price then you will.
In the end you need to consider the time you may need to put in and how to achieve your objective at the lowest cost.
Doing everything yourself is likely to take considerably longer and cost more overall.
If you are looking to put forward a proposal or have had one rejected. Note, there is a minimum £500+VAT fixed charge applicable to all new client projects.
I want you to help, how do I move it forward?
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– Please include all relevant background information for a fixed quote, including proposal plans,highway plans, surveys, photos, planning conditions, or anything else relevant to the proposed dropped kerb, or new access agreement.